Almost always adjustable, designed to provide a focused beam of light to accent or highlight an object. Also called “adjustable” or “spot”. The fixture has optics and throws light.
Luminaire designed to provide both uplight and downlight, sometimes with multiple lamp sources. Also called “up/downlight”, “ambient”.
Outdoor lighting is available in many of the same designs as indoor lighting, but is built to withstand rain and wear. Outdoor ceiling lights illuminate spaces under the roof of an outdoor patio or porch. Outdoor wall lamps, floor lamps and landscape lighting provide illumination throughout the yard or along the store-front.
Sconces are designed to provide a sense of brightness at a wall and marker lights provide brightness (blob of light) for other surfaces for decorative or wayfinding purposes.
Luminaire designed specifically for stair/ramp lighting applications, where the luminaire is recessed in the stair riser or an adjacent wall.
Luminaire designed to focus light directly on a work surface, mounted at or very close to the work surface itself. “desk lamp”, “undercabinet”, “undercounter”
Luminaire designed to light a wall from the ceiling. Wallwash applications and specialized luminaires include single wall, corner, and double (two opposing walls).